Published: 4 January 2021, 06:10
The paper by Fabian Koenings, Tina Haussen, Stefan Toepfer and Silke Uebelmesser has been published as early view in the Journal of Regional Sciene and can be downloaded here.
Countries compete for young talents to alleviate skilled-labor shortage. International students, who stay after graduation, allow host countries to overcome those challenges.
This study investigates the factors associated with international students' intention to stay or to go after gratudation from a host country's perspective. In contrast to the literature, this analysis employs survey data collected from first-semester students. This assures that the analysis is not distorted by attrition. Furthermore, it allows policymakers to address those students who would be longer around later in the absence of any policy measure and, in general, provide them with more time to target measures at students according to their intention. At the same time, it requires to deal with unvertainty as the actual migration decision will be due some years later. This study introduces a set of uncertainty models to the migration context to account for this. The results of the analyses show that, next to career opportunities and a stay in the host country before the studies, being enrolled in a Bachelor program instead of a Master program is significantly associated with the intention to stay. The findings are largely robust to different approaches accounting for the unvertainty involved. Further, Master students do not only exhibit a lower intention to stay, they are also significantly more uncertain.